Choosing a Radio

So: You just got your license and it is time to choose a radio. There are a couple of things to understand:

Form Factor

Base Station
Base Station radios are large radios meant to fit on a desk. They usually cover the HF Bands, and most produce 100 Watts. These are the most abundant Ham Radios, as they provide access to the HF Bands and DXing.
Handheld (HT)
Handheld Radios are very cheap and are easy to use because they have a built-in antenna and are designed typically to work VHF/UHF Bands. These are primarily used to work Repeaters, which are placed on high buildings or towers and receive the signals sent by HTs, then amplify them and retransmit them on a different frequency. In addition, these HTs can be used with a big antenna to use repeaters on Satellites orbiting the earth. HTs are really only good at making local contacts.
Mobile Radios
Mobile Radios are typically designed to be put in Cars. They can cover all Ham Bands, and are smaller than Base Station Rigs, but offer a more robust feature set than HTs.